However, buying a quality trumpet isn’t an easy task, especially if you’re buying one for the first time. You’ll wonder about what to look for and which brands are the best. Even if you’ve bought one before, there have likely been changes in the trumpet world since you last did.
In this guide, we’ll break down the categories of trumpets that you can purchase. We’ll also take a look at the most popular trumpets on the market. Ready? Let’s dig in on how to buy a trumpet.
Trumpets are divided into three broadIf you’re thinking of purchasing a trumpet for yourself or as a gift for someone, thumbs up. As one of the most popular brass instruments, trumpets are commonly used in concert bands, orchestras, and classical and jazz ensembles.
categories: student, intermediate, and professional. Let’s examine each of the different types in a bit more detail.
A student trumpet is intricately designed for young trumpet students and is, therefore, a good choice as a first trumpet. It’s generally less expensive than intermediate and professional models because it’s made by a machine rather than hand.
Student horns include all the basic features a beginning student needs, though some advanced features may be lacking.
As you’ve probably already guessed, intermediate trumpets are for those who have mastered the student trumpet and are ready for a more advanced one.
An intermediate model has the weight and sound enhancements found in professional versions, yet to a lesser extent. It has features like slide hooks, adjustable slide stops, more plating possibilities, and higher-quality casings.
Professional trumpets are instruments that are intricately handcrafted and designed so that trumpet players can tune them to a wide variety of pitches and styles as well as different notes.
There are variations in the material used to produce them, including metals, valves, and the instrument’s weight, allowing a trumpet player to produce high-quality sound. Most beginners can’t play such horns, and for a good reason.
Main Parts of a Trumpet
To make a good buying decision, you need to know the key components this musical instrument should have. At the very least, a trumpet should have valves, a mouthpiece, bell, and finish.
Valves are also known as pistons. These pistons are all different since they’re made from various metals.
Often found in student trumpets, nickel-plated pistons are rigid, durable, and can resist wearing in cases of infrequent cleaning.
On the other hand, monel pistons are most popular among professionals. They’re much softer than nickel plates and need constant lubrication for utmost performance. In addition, they last for an extended period because they’re super resistant to corrosion. Using a monel piston is considered a step-up from intermediate horns.
Lastly, stainless steel pistons are mostly found on intermediate and professional horns.
Regardless of the valves you end up with, you’ll need to be ready to purchase valve oil or slide grease to clean and maintain them. Some trumpet brands come with a bottle of valve oil as part of the package.
The tubing that connects the mouthpiece to the main tuning slide is known as a mouthpiece. It comes in red, yellow brass, or sterling silver colors. Because red brass is less prone to corrosion, it’s frequently used for student trumpets. However, cleaning the yellow mouthpiece is more complicated.
There’s also the reversed mouth pipe, with the tuning slide going over rather than into the lead pipe. Again, it’s a step-up feature, which is convenient because it reduces resistance.
Bells also vary by material. There’s yellow, rose, and silver-plated brass. For a clear and warm sound, choose a trumpet that has a rose brass leadpipe. The most common bell, however, is yellow brass, which is found in horns ranging from student models to professional instruments.
Professional horns have one-piece bells, whereas student and intermediate models usually have two-piece welded bells. Bell size and taper can also subtly affect the trumpet’s sound. A large bore size gives a bigger sound, while a smaller bell produces brighter sounds.
There are several finishing alternatives, depending on the player’s needs. The most popular kind is a clear lacquer finish. Lacquer finishes come in several shades, including gold, purple, red, and nickel plate.
Gold plating is only available on professional-grade horns and slightly darkens the shade of the trumpet. Another kind of finish is the silver plate, which produces a much brighter tone.
Types of Trumpets
Now that we’ve looked at trumpet parts, let’s explore the most famous trumpet types and see what makes them unique.
The Bb Trumpet
The Bb trumpet is the most common trumpet on the market. This is because it’s relatively easier to master and the go-to trumpet for beginners. It’s also highlighted because many performers prefer this trumpet for marching bands and orchestral performances.
Its length, when uncoiled, is more than four feet long. Because of this construction, the Bb trumpet has a full tone and mellow sound than the other trumpets in this breakdown.
The C Trumpet
This trumpet features a somewhat brighter sound and is pitched a step higher than the Bb trumpet. This has allowed it to flourish and equal the renown of the Bb trumpet, making the horns a formidable duet, particularly in American orchestral works.
The C trumpet doesn’t transpose the C note, meaning you get a concert-style pitched C. This feature has made the horn a popular choice for solo compositions as players don’t have to perform additional tuning.
All in all, the C trumpet is an excellent choice for professional musicians who intend on playing the trumpet at an advanced level.
The D Trumpet
When Bb and C horns were first introduced, many trumpet players were beside themselves with joy, and rightly so. Playing both horns together produced such harmonies that hadn’t been heard before.
The D trumpet took the experience to a whole new level. With just one horn, players could play an even brighter and more piercing sound than the Bb and C horns played together.
The D trumpet has a distinct sound that comes from a somewhat shorter build and tubing, just like the C trumpet. Plus, it can play very high notes that other trumpets can’t match.
The Eb trumpet, which is a variation of the D trumpet, is also worth mentioning. It’s often used in orchestras, where the higher tuning improves precision and allows for more natural fingering. Players can add extra equipment to achieve the perfect Eb pitch.
The Piccolo Trumpet
The piccolo trumpet is the tiniest of the trumpet family. Nevertheless, the trumpet is a staple for musicians who play many high-pitched compositions such as Bach’s music and much of baroque music.
This small trumpet is an octave above the Bb trumpet and plays in the key of Bb. The piccolo was designed as a backup for the D trumpet because of its higher, brighter pitch and range.
A fourth valve is standard on most piccolo models, extending the instrument’s range by a perfect fourth. These qualities, when combined, provide the instrument with a level of versatility that makes it well worth the money for intermediate and advanced musicians.
The Slide Trumpet
While the slide trumpet isn’t a popular choice for beginning trumpet students, it may be a good option for trumpeters looking to broaden their range by playing a lower-pitched instrument.
While not recommended for a beginner trumpeter, the slide trumpet can be a great second instrument for experienced jazz players looking to expand their sound. The slide trumpet is also used in orchestral works from the Baroque and Renaissance periods.
You’ll likely get your preferred horn from your local music store. If not,several online platforms that offer a wide range of best trumpet choices of the highest quality. You should compare prices and features to see which one is more affordable.
You might be tempted to go for a used horn, but since you can’t know for sure how strong the horn is, we recommend going for a brand new trumpet.
Most importantly, be ready to take good care of the trumpet you buy. Always check the horn for scratches and dents. Simple things like more frequent cleaning and not exposing the instrument to extreme temperatures are also vital.